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•An employee response
team composition
depends upon
several factors
including:

•  Single
versus multistory buildings; proximity of buildings

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•  Distance
and response time of local Emergency Medical Services (EMS)

• Number
of employees

• Volunteer
numbers

• Geography
and topography
of area

• Industry
standards (based upon historical incidents)

• Budget

• Corporate
liability•High-Risk (50
ERTs +)

•100,000
square
feet or
more; high rise structures;  multiple buildings

• 500
or more employees

•Work hazards
are common place including Haz Mat

•EMS
response five plus
minutesModerate-Risk (35
ERTs)

Multiple buildings, moderately complex

Less than 500 employees,

Work hazards are common place limited Haz Mat

EMS response over five plus
minutesLow-Risk (25
ERTs)Small buildings limited complexityLess than 200 employeesMinimal hazards

EMS reponse under five minutes•In a December 2017, Mission Health
in Asheville, N.C., formed
a ‘multidisciplinary
assault-reduction
team’,
that comprised of nursing,
psychiatry, security, quality improvement, risk management, etc. •The team looked to prevent violence and improve staff
safety, •Designed tailored programs to each
part of the health system
prone to attack:
medical-surgical unit,
the ED, psychiatric units and its regional hospitals.

• Behavioral Emergency Response Team
were created. A phone
call to the hospital operator sends a “Code BERT,” which activates a
multidisciplinary team 24/7, to
respond to any potential or actual violent incident.•CERT
members are generally protected by:

•”Good Samaritan” laws

•Volunteer
Protection
Act
of 1997 – Federal

•Relevant
State statutes

•Every
company
has
its own interpretation of liability and risk management. Good
Samaritan laws differ by state. Consult your legal departmentFEMA’s
Community
Emergency Response Team (CERT)
program (24
hours). This
base curriculum includes the following topics:

• Disaster
Preparedness

• Fire
Safety

• Disaster
Medical Operations – Part 1

• Disaster
Medical Operations – Part 2

• Light
Search & Rescue

• CERT
Organization

• Disaster
Psychology

• Terrorism
Awareness

• Final
Skills Evaluation

SAR
Team –
(8-16 hour) It is
extremely important that these teams receive specific training relative to
where they can safely search and which types of rescues they are capable of
performing. Site
specific
training that
includes basic structural
integrity issues related to the types of building constriction.

MERT –  (8-48 hours) There are
various medical training options for MERTs depending•Select
and set up treatment area;
Conduct triage•First
Aid,
CPR, controlling bleeding and treating shock•Identify
planning and size up requirements for potential search and rescue situations when
external response agencies are unable to respond•Understand
techniques
for
searching a structure•Use
safe techniques for debris and victim removal

•Fire
suppression and safely extinguishing burningsCERT
or ERT members
cannot
do the following:

•Suppress
large
fires.

•Enter
heavily damaged
and dangerous  structures off their foundations

•Respond
to large scale hazmat spills, radiological or biological agents.

•Perform
medical,
fire, or search and rescue operations beyond their level of training.•Genentech has
their own in house emergency response team with personnel trained
to the HazMat
Technician and Specialist level.

•Team responds to numerous spill
situations. Their
own emergency
team handles
incidents with
support from South San Francisco Fire Department.

•On Jan 22 2014, they
participated in a multiagency bioterrorism exercise, called Operation
Pure Cure. Participants
included
Genentech’s First Alert Team, the South San Francisco Fire Department, the
Belmont Fire Department, the San Mateo County Hazmat Team, and the San Mateo
County Office of Emergency Services.•CERT documents: printing manuals, lesson
plans, and presentations

•Internet sites (FEMA, CERT
programs, etc.)

•Local emergency management offices and
fire departments

•Local
fire and law enforcement agencies may be able to help facilitate any drills or
exercises you plan and organize on campus.

•American Red Cross (video, pamphlets,
specialty training)

•Local utilities (info pamphlets, props,
maps, floor plans, manuals)

•Local certified vendors

•Instructors
are usually former first responders

•Certified

•Experienced
in tailoring training to companiesAll course
presentations must
meet and/or
exceed training requirements established by federal regulations such as:

•Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (OSHA),

•Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),
and

•Department of Transportation (DOT),

•National Fire Protection Association
(NFPA), and

•State Fire Marshals.•Identify overall time commitment for your
company and if training will be in-house or outsourced.

•There are numerous medical, search and
rescue, HAM radio, hazmat
instructors, etc. that
can develop comprehensive training programs to include:

•Core
training for new ERT members

•Ongoing
training; monthly and quarterly drills

•Annual
site drills

•Refresher
and re-certification training annually

•Most
certification classes range from 8 to 24 hours total and drills/refreshers from
4 to 8 hours per year. 

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