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Before the armenian genocide had occurred, there were many factors leading up to it to cause the genocide to happen. The main factors leading to the genocide are the development of committee of union and progress or also known as “the young turks” and the conflict with the balkan war. The young turks was a small group of revolutionaries which came to power for the ottoman empire in 1908. The Armenian people were optimistic of this new group in power. Nevertheless, overtime the aspirations of the Young Turks turned out to be more forceful, less tolerant of non-Turks, and progressively suspicious of their Armenian subjects, whom they envisioned were working together with other super powers. In 1909 a countercoup took place by ottoman military components, joined by Islamic religious students wanted to return the rule of the country to a sultan and the rule of islamic law which caused many riots. Initially the movement was aimed against the Young Turks, however it changed to the Armenians who were looked at as supporting the restoration of the constitution. When the Army was called in, they began to murder many Armenians in the Adana Province. The amount of Armenians killed ranged from 10 to 15 thousand, this was glimpse into what the nearby future looked like. From 1912 to 1913 the ottoman empire fought a war against Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Montenegro also known as “the Balkan league” over macedonia in what is known as the first Balkan War. Hatred towards Armenians became even worse after the ottoman empire had endured a great defeat in the first Balkan war which occured. This defeat caused the ottoman empire to lose most of its land within Europe. Much of the blame for losing the war was put on to the Balkan christians and soon enough conflicts began between between christians and muslims. In November 1914 Shaykh ul-Islam declared Jihad – Holy War against the Christians: this was later utilized as a factor to incite radical masses in the execution of the Armenian Genocide. Soon after, world war 1 began, the ottoman empire joined the central powers which included Austria-Hungary and Germany and they were fighting against the Triple Entente which included France, Great Britain, and Russia. Armenians have always had close relations with Russians, many Armenians volunteered to fight alongside Russians during the World war. The Young Turks saw this action as treason which fueled their hatred for the Armenians all the more. All of these events that had taken place lead to “It is generally not known in the world that, in the years preceding 1916, there was a concerted effort made to eliminate all the Armenian people, probably one of the greatest tragedies that ever befell any group. And there weren’t any Nuremberg trials.”-Jimmy Carter. This quote said by the former president of the united states is displays how horrible the actions were that took place during the Armenian Genocide. On the night of April 23 going on to the 24th, the Ottoman government gathered together and detained an expected 250 Armenian academics and group pioneers of the Ottoman capital, Constantinople, and later those in different focuses, who were moved to two holding focuses close Ankara. This date was known as Red Sunday.

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