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Even after decades, there’s a lot of
discriminations based on gender still happening in our society. The gender wage
gap is one of them. The gender wage gap is the average difference between wage
received by men and women. The main causes of gender wage gap is education
attainment, occupational segregation, sexual discrimination and women tend to not
negotiate for raises and promotions aggressively. Gender discrimination that
occurs in Indonesia most likely due to the the cultural aspects that support
it.

According to Wage Indicator (2016), the
social assumption that men are the one whose earnings are the primary source of
support for their dependents, while women deal with housework and family, is
exceptionally solid in Indonesian society. As a result, when women are working,
their position is assumed to be merely that of an ‘extra’ provider. The culture of Indonesian
society to support women not to work allegedly reflects the contribution of
Indonesian women in the labor market. As evidenced by reports from the
International Labor Organization, only about 50 to 55 percent of women in Indonesia
participate in the labor force. The wage paid to men is bigger than the
wage paid to women because he is expected to provide his wife and children a
decent life. While female laborers, even when married, are also legally still
considered single. The World Economic Forum’s Gender Gap Index (2016) data
shows Indonesia has a gender wage gap of 14.5%, meaning that on average Indonesian
women earn 14.5% less than men.

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The gender wage gap is disadvantage for
women, it suppressing their income and making it even difficult to balance work
and family. Serious attempts to understand the gender wage gap should not
driven to the blame to women for not earning more. Instead, these attempts
should analyze where our economy provides unequal opportunities for women at
every point of their education, training, and career choices.

The non-discriminatory prohibition
contained in the Indonesian Labour Law is based on Article 27 of the 1945
Constitution regarding the status of citizens without discrimination. While the
gender wage gap prohibition is regulated in the Government Regulation act no. 8
of 1981 regarding the wage protection, which affirms that there is no
discrimination in determining wages between male and female laborers for equal
work. 

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