REPORTS OF FOLLOWING
CALF AND HEIFER DAIRY FARM HASSAN ABDAL.
BUFFALO RESEARCH INSTITUTE PATTOKI
SUB CAMPUS UVAS PATTOKI
HEIFER DAIRY FARM
a study tour
was approved by FV and AS
department of uaar and it was supervised
by Sir Moneeb. when we reached
there and were welcomed
by Mr. Assad Ali and he introduce us about their farm and also give the
answer of our question.there were different breeds of cattle which are dhanni
bull, holstein Frisian jersey and cross bred which have 25% endogenous and 75% exotic
breed.there was totally fifty animals which including twenty lactating ,four pregnant,and fifteen
heifer and calves .and animal feeding contain concentrate as well as
silage and shelf made Wanda which have 17% CP and 2.8 ME etc. Animals was healthy and pregnant also we
asked about the milk production of cross bred as well as HF they told us HF milk production
is 35l/day and cross bred 25l/day but the was problem of heat stress in summer
seasons and also the problem of three day sickness disease as such
no disease outbreak and mortality was 1-2% in calves.fmd and HS vaccine is done
twice a year. There was no use oxytocine as well as somatotropine hormones . some time reproductive issue mostly in HF repeat
breeding etc and they also used CIDER in the animals of different reproductive
order. Teaser bull is also there for heat detection of animals and only used of
artificial insemination and also used of sex semen. milking of animals by
milking machine in milking parlor and
they used iodine solution for pre and post dipping of teat in it. Then we visit
the complete farm i.e milking room, labour area and feed storage
room and different pictorial views are
at the end of report. After discussion with Mr. Asad we go for physical
examination of animal as well as body scoring, sir Moneeb sb
give demonstration about physical examination of animals then
we examine the animal step by step
Firstly we restrain the animal in crush and start from hind
Qatar which following steps
CRT from vulva
Pulse from tail artery
Palpate left pre-femur lymphnode
Left side abomasal displacement
Pre-scapular lymph node
Then we left the animal after complete physical examination
and go to milkig room and there Imran sb give demonstration on milking machine.
area calf area
Resting area Milk
Koont Research farm
First day tour
Koont research farm is the farm or sub
campus of arid agriculture university Rawalpindi it contain both agriculture as well
as livestock department including different animals sheep ,goat, cattle
,buffalo, equines. The approval of Dean of FV and AS we go there 1 December 2018 to 2
December 2018 for sake of partials work as well as doing some procedure on
large and small animals. First day supervisor was DR. Asghar khan and DR shakeel sb .we reached their along
with different equipments or require material for perform procedure. DR Asghar give
a lecture on physical examination as well as procedure of nasogastric tube with its indications after delivering lecture sir
give us a damo on goat and buffalo after it everybody start their practices on
small ruminants and write the self perform practical’s and submitted to Sir
Asghar. The practical work which I perform
on koont farm under supervision of Dr Asghar are given below,
Physical examination of goat it
contain different steps which are given below
Color and its consistency
Vulva for CRT
Prefumer lymph node
Check ruminal motality
Left side abomasal replacement
Parotid lymph node
Submaxillary lymph node
Procedure of passing of
stomach tube is told by sir first of all I restrain the goat and take
measurement from lips to last rib of rib cage then use spatula and open the
mouth of goat and pass the tube through spatula which is made by stainless
steel it prevent the chewing of tube when tube reach esophagus due to
swallowing reflex tube reached into the rumen sir told us how you will identify
either the tube is in the rumen or lungs take k water bowl contain enough quantity
of water that we can dip the free end of tube into bowl if bubbles formations
it means tube is in the lungs if sweaty smell and no bubbles formation it mean
tube is in the rumen.
After it go for lunch and rest for 1
hr and go back to farm and repeat the above work and 4 o clock departure from
koont farm for pindi.
The tour was supervised by DR.awais,
DR. sajid umer and Mr.Imran sb and go to koont farm for doing work regarding surgery,
livestock management and poultry pathology. When we reached their Dr sajid Umer sb taking class in lecture hall and give a lecture on postmortem
finding of different poultry disease .After delivering lecture we go on the farm and take dead bird and start
postmortem and discuss
the anatomy of different systems of poultry at the end sir conduct a quiz then we go for lunch and saying prayer after it again go back to farm and sir Imran sb give us
demonstration on cow and buffalo told about body scoring as well as weight measuring
formula of cow and goat then we doing it and it sir awais give demonstration on mastitis ,hoof trimming
and gastric tube and also perform mastitis test on goat milk.
At the end we asked different
question on the feeding of animals to veterinary assistant they told me as such
no specific diet it depend on available fodder, wheat bran, hay as well silage .Animals
was not healthy low milk production reason behind it was poor management the feed
which we providing the animals have 13% CP and lack of veterinary doctor also
the reasons of poor management.
TOUR OF SUB
Supervisor of this tour was DR fiaz
sb along with DR Asghar sb and MR. Imran.
This tour was near about three days from 10 December 2018 to 13 December
we departure from university transport office 9 AM and reached Pattoki
10 PM. After reach their rest half an hour and then go for dinner after dinner
go to bed for sleeping then next day after breakfast go for visiting the Dog
breeding center which was under the supervision of DR syed saleem Ahmad, and Gulzar Hassan .they told as
the objectives of dog breeding and also provides different breeds to defense department.
there was different dogs breeds including Germen shepherd, Labrador,
Pets breeding center
visiting the pets breeding center we go to visit the teaching hospital
including medicine ward, theriogenological ward, surgery ward and also visit
the poultry production unit as well as ostrich farm. Then we go to
department under supervision of DR. fiaz
and DR.Asghar. Before
entrance in the
area of dairy farm they should provide
us foot beg and dipping of shoes in
disinfectant and the lime stone after it we reached the different dairy section. There was two shed of animal in
which one is made by steel roof while other was by cement roof you can see both
shed in the following pictorial view.
Five roof shed having 14 by 16 tractor passage
and feeding table was near about 2 feet and animal standing area was 6
inch below from feeding table where animal stand for eating.150 by 100 was length and width and height was
20,18,16,14,12 (five roof shed)).
Frisian was present in this shed according to doctor of that shed they buy
pregnant heifers of 4 to 6 month from united state.
number of animals was 126 including 56 lactating,3 dry animal,28 heifers,40
calfs.Each animals was tag by specific number and pedometer which are sense by
G-sensor and G-sensor is connected by computer system .neck tag and sensor told
as about rumination and eating quantity o animal while pedometer show the
activity of animals.
based total mix ration which was composed of 13% CP, 70% TDN, 2.65% ME.TMR
contain silage, Mot grass and concentrate. Three time per day and three times
milking per day.
was no as such disorder of reproductive system but sometime there was the issue
of follicular cyst formation but it was treated by different protocols. if
repeat breeding then use CIDER and GnRh hormones.
calving interval and inseminated the animal after sixty day of parturition and
we get 5 to 6 lactation from HF and there puberty age is 16 to 18 month and
also the used of sex semen and use the imported semen of proven bull including
Bob,Buttler and Monstrous.
They vaccinated their animal different against
disease FMD, HS, BEF, Brucella, clostridium spp.
RB-51 six month age.
used dewormer ivermectine after each four month and also the use of spray
including Ectoflee, Lamda spray etc .
time per day and used the pyodine as well as quarter ammonium solution pre and
post dipping of teat. Milking through milking machine.CMT was performed after
each 15 days to check sub clinical mastitis.
ROOF SHED SINGLE ROOF SHED
CALF AREA SILAGE TABLE
SMALL RUMINENTS RESEARCH
After visiting the dairy farm we go
to the department of small ruminant research center where we seen different
goat as well as sheep breeds. They feed them on oat silage and 500gms
concentrate per animal per day.
Goats 150, Sheep 370 and Kids 10 in
GOATS: Three different breeds of goats are given
Dera din panah
Sheep: Sheep breed which was present there
They use different dewormer after three month
of age like clozental as well as cental and spray of megavan and segavan tp
prevents ticks etc and used the vaccine of ETV and CCPP twice per year.
RESEARCH INSTITUTE PATTOKI
After visiting the sub campus uvas
pattoki we go to buffalo research institute pattkoi .DR Rao Intizar welcomed us and give a lecture
about introduction of BRI in the auditorium.
He told us about the objective of BRI and about different departments including breeding and genetic ,animal nutrition and
embryo transfer techniques i.e .After taking lecture we go for visiting the farm of buffalo research institute where farm manager
DR. Burhan sb welcomed us and they introduce about animals
farm. DR burhan sb told us about the groups of animals on the base of different
physical status including a group of lactating animals, dry animals, suckler group and transitional l group.
Due to good management
as well as feeding decrease the age of conception/puberty. He achieve the conception in
heifer at sixteen month which weight was 320kg.we asked about the feeding
they told us about feeding which provided to the animals are green fodder, half
of the body weight of concentrate, stomach powder and mineral mixture but
stopped the mineral mixture before 45 days of parturition. There maximum milk production was
about 21 L/day per animal. Dehorning as
well as disbudding at the age of first week of birth. .And deworming the calf’s at first month of birth with nilzan plus. The calf feeding included colostrums 10% of body weight and calf starter 1.5kg upto to five month then start green fodder
,Anmol wanda and half kilogram
wheat straw . Use of teaser bull
for heat detection and Artificial insemination after 12 hr of estrus , double AI
technique is used there that’s why
conception rate is good. They vaccinated their animals against HS and FMD twice
a year. in case of repear breeding they used CIDER as well as GnRh if no
response after it then that animal going for culling. Due to shortage of
time we cannot get the answer of our
question but I gained a lot of.
experimental station pattoki:
Wet average, over all average, number
of animals and their milk production and classes of animals are given below