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Introduction

          Worldwide steadiness is any directions at long
last keep an eye on the attractor of the framework. Destitution and political,
social, and financial inequality between bunches to strife;
arrangements to move them will lessen the risk. The majority of the poor nations on the planet are enduring and have as of late encounter, from gigantic scale savage
clash. Wars in the enhancing nations have substantial human, financial, and civil price are truly the main cause of shortage and
underdevelopment.

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              For example, many present confrontation in the Congo and Sudan, are inside states, in malice of the reality that there is normally
considerable intercession. Africa has been transcendently
wastefully due to the war in the past 30 years. Wars are really the real ground for destituteness, underdevelopment, and sick prosperousness in the poorest nations, for example,
Africa. Occurence of war has been increasing since 1950, but most wars usually in the states. Wars regularly have social computation discovered with the ethnicity or
religions, however there were constantly suffocate economic reasons.

              This
may be the causes of incorporate
political, financial, and disproportion, furthest destitution, financial inaction, deprived ratepayer supported federation, high unemployed and ecological humanitarian. To reduce the likelihood of wars, it
is actually important to empower comprehensive
improvement; less disparities linking the general public.

          To reduce the unrest, it is
essential to encourage inclusive development; reduce inequalities between the
society. Throughout the whole human history, conflict
has been an origin of hunger frangibility. As we
all know, recently there have been many civil wars and conflicts in Africa. Hungry
conflict in Africa can affect the global stability in many
difference ways and usually rise up the bad result. This is because this conflict influences both the demand side and the
supply side.

            Due to that, they are
not able to make or produce their own food, they don’t have their own livestock
anymore, and their income chances reduces or becomes lower compared to those old days, particularly in the awareness of agricultural employment. This is what happens on the demand side.

            Simultaneously, on the supply side, prices for extremely important food and non-food valuable things keep rising due
to the traders working in conflict zones having more and more transaction costs and risk, which are then passed to the shopper. When you
are certifying famine for rescuing them, you are actually already too late.

Views from Economy
Perspective

            For some years, the amount of people who suffered from hunger in
Africa had been subsided. However, now it is on the rise again. A survey shows
that 26 million of Africans face starvation. As our general knowledge, Africa’s
population has been increasing briskly. The Africa’s population was one billion
in the year 2009 and kept increasing. Africa is the world’s poorest continent
with the highest population of growth rate. Due to this, the people in the
country are facing hunger and poverty. Poverty is the capital cause of
hunger in Africa and elsewhere.

            Generally, the causes of hunger involve local political issue,
conflict, and poverty. We cannot deny that environmental challenges are also
causes of hunger such as drought, erosion, poor agricultural productivity that
cause by deforestation and climate change. These are the reason why the food
availability is lesser in Africa and in our essay will further explain how the
hungry conflict can affect the global stability from the perspective of
economic, politics and also social of the country.

            Therefore, let us view this incident from the perspective
of economy. Across a vast swath of Africa, millions
of people are suffering from chronic hunger conflict, facing starvation and famine crisis just like the situation
mentioned at the opening of this essay. Across
these regions, about 30 million people are experiencing ceaseless hunger,
surviving only on what they could find to eat, suffering and struggling day by
day. The hunger conflict in Africa is a critical issue that we can’t neglect. The
problem is how does the hunger conflict in Africa have affected the global
stability in the aspect of economy?

Africa’s hunger conflict had caused
the work input of the people to decrease as the research has clearly shown that
adequate and sufficient nutrition is significant for one’s physical and
intellectual development and also work productivity. This is due to the adults
and young do not conserve sufficient energy and do not have the right frame of
mind to work. Most of them are lack of nutrition, constantly ill and even
suffer from severe diseases that caused by hunger conflict. For instance, the
farmers have insufficient manpower to work on the farming and there is not
enough produce for the consumption and further export. Obviously, when this
happened, it will affect the work input and thus, the income and interest will
become very low. This will eventually influence the global stability on the
aspect of economy.

In other view, hunger conflict in
Africa caused migration. In South Sudan, 1.6
million of people have fled to nearby countries to escape from war and search
for food and shelter. In Somalia, there were thousands of families moved from
their villages to the refugees’ camps for displacement. Hunger and
malnutrition continued become worsen in Africa.
In East Africa alone, places such as South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Somalia, 28 million
people were in the need of humanitarian assistance. By the end of 2017, there
are about 7 million of children suffering from malnutrition, including more
than 1 million who are constantly malnourished or risk dying. This had caused
them to choose to migrate to another places or countries to search for food.
When there is a large amount of people migrate from the country, this will
affect the economy such as decrease in domestic wages and increase in public
welfare burden of that particular country which became the “destination” for
those refugee. Hence, this will totally affect the global stability.

Furthermore,
according to UNICEF, 27 million people were lacking of safe and clean water,
and this eventually increase the threat of cholera disease. The other
water-borne diseases such as diarrhea were also spreading rapidly. Hunger
conflict caused malnutrition that is having a disastrous impact and as ever,
children are among the worst affected. To solve this problem, funds are really
needed. However, the funds needed are in a big amount. Who and which country is
the one who is going to lend a helping hand to the Africans who suffer from
hunger? Do the international funds that advocated enough to solve the issue? If
the international organization such as United Nation are willing to help,
raising fund in such a big amount will definitely affects the economy not only
the particular country but also the world’s economy. The situation will be even
worse if some of the country in United Nation disagree with the decision,
dispute raise between them are unavoidable. Consequently, the global stability
will also be affected.

            From here we can see that, hunger conflict in
Africa can be describe as the largest hunger emergency in the world as it
can affect the global stability in the economy aspect. This crisis should not
be left unresolved, or else the malnutrition and deaths cases will increase
exponentially in a catastrophic deterioration and they will continue to suffer
and struggle. The Africans are starving to death
— right now.

Views from Social Perspective

However, if we view this hungry conflict in a different
perspective, let us say from the social point of view, that will be a different
story. The Cost of Hunger in Africa (CoHA): The Social and Economic Impact of
Children Under-nutrition in Malawi latest statistic shows that the country is
said to have lost a huge amount of money each year because of children
under-nutrition through increased healthcare costs, additional weight on the
shoulders of the education system and not much can be expected from workers. It
estimates that child under-nutrition cost Malawi 10.3 percent of Gross Domestic
Product in 2012 (most recent year with complete data).

The African Union’s investigation’s
model gauges the extra instances of ailment, demise, school reiterations,
school dropouts, and decreased physical efficiency specifically connected with
those misery under-nutrition before the age of five.

 In light of information from every nation, the
model at that point appraises the related monetary misfortunes caused by the
economy as far as wellbeing, training, and potential profitability in a
solitary year. Up until this point, it has been led in six nations in Africa
including Malawi.

Most Africans are on the furthest
side of the computerized isolate and are cut off from correspondences
innovation and the Internet. However, utilization of cell phones has been
developing significantly as of late with 65% of Africans approaching a cell
phone starting at 2011.

Quality of life and human
advancement are additionally low. African countries overwhelm the lower
compasses of the UN Human Development Index. Newborn child mortality is high,
while future, proficiency, and training are on the whole low. Besides, this
social situation promoted social decay, violence, cynicism and uncertainty-
petty crime, prostitution, armed robbery, drug use and trafficking, corruption,
currency laundering and the sort. Besides, famine was announced in South Sudan
recently, this is the first time that the world to declare a famine during the
essential period of six years. The South Sudanese government along with the
United Nations report that about 100,000 people have come face to face with
famine and another one million are very close to a famine which came about with
the civil war and economic collapse.

            The UN likewise brings down
the positioning of African states in light of the fact that the mainland sees
more prominent disparity than some other locale. The best taught frequently
leave the mainland for the West or the Persian Gulf to look for a superior
life; on account of a few countries like South Africa, numerous Caucasians have
fled because of work inclination.

Overall, the program for hunger in
Africa study serves as an important tool to show how under-nutrition is not
just a health issue, but an economic and social one as well that requires
multi-sectoral commitment and investment. It reinforces the critical need to
prioritise nutrition in the national development agenda. These situations also
bring a massive and unprecedented brain drain to Europe, North America and the
Middle East due to unemployment, repression and the need to escape the pain of
adjustment. From here we can know that, the problems created by hungry conflict
in Africa can also affect the global stability from the perspective of social.

 

Views from Political
Perspective

            When we take a
closer look to political situation of country in Africa, we would have not
doubt that the hungry conflict is one of the results under those politician’s
hands. According to Simon O’Connell (Executive Director of Mercy Corps Europe) mentioned
in his article,

            “In
Somalia, in spite of some political progress, the conflict has affects more than one and half of the people in need of help especially
humanitarian aid. In fact, There are 363,000 children competing with acute
malnutrition. In Nigeria, conflict
against Boko Haram in the country’s northeast has left 1.8 million people still
homeless. Those farmers hard to grow crops and this affect 4.8 million
people suffer from
insufficient food supply. In Yemen, an increase in conflict since 2015 has
worsened the situation which already made dire by poor governance, poverty and
weak law
enforcement…Only when we understand conflict then can we understand these hunger conflict…across
the location we work, where people are having starvation, the similar
pattern happened. Hunger is truly
human-made and never is a terrible environmental event. It is the result when conflict, marginalization,
and weak governance work together deadly.”

            From
his words, we can clearly understand that political problem as well as strength
of local governance is main factor that can put some efforts into the prevention of hungry
conflict in Africa. When a government is involved in war, the president or prime minister of a country must distribute funds from some department to buy some weapons. In most of the case, funding will remove from development, leaving the population who extremely vulnerable to natural disasters or the effects of
conflict on agricultural production. The natural disaster such as
drought can transform into hungry conflict quickly, and the local and national government are left without the funding to solve the serious problem.

            However, unfortunately no much people understand the
situation now. Just like what Director of Internal displacement Monitoring
Center, Alexandra Bilak  say : “We are
always flabbergasted at just how little people actually acknowledge this issue.
(Hungry conflict)” 

               Other than that, sometimes local regimes For the sake of preserving the legitimacy for themselves, the local government will fails to acknowledge that hungry conflict happened in the country. In Ethiopia, this political method is taken by their government and thus worsen the situation of their people who suffered hungry conflict constantly. They recognize that if hungry conflict has taken place means acknowledging the failure of the government since 1985. Both the Ethiopian and Kenyan governments responded slowly to public pressure. As we all know Ethiopia, viewed by western countries as a fortress for fighting terrorism in East Africa, has border disputes with Eritrea, a divided northern neighbor. Ethiopia and Eritrea are also simultaneously involved in the civil war in Somalia, further complicating the international relations in the Horn of Africa. The Ethiopian government, the Eritrean government and the Al-Shabaab who control Somalia have all denied the existence of hungry conflict and prevented the international humanitarian aid fleet from entering and exiting the disaster-affected areas.                Just like we mentioned before, the migration is the result of the hungry conflict in Africa and it also can lead to global instability. In my opinion, migration is the biggest factors that affect the global stability no matter in political perspective or social perspective. Migration has result the people live in Africa forced to become a refugee and move to the other country. Situation now is, with a population of 73 million people in Europe, 500 million of them live in the EU, but the population of Africa is as high as 1.2 billion. The UN predicts that by 2050 Europe’s population will shrink to about 700 million people due to the continuing aging and the young African population will soar to 2.4 billion.               As a result, serious imbalance between population structure in Europe and Africa have high possibility occur huge political conflict. There will be large numbers of young Africans who lack opportunities for development are bound to emigrate to wealthy Europe in whatever ways. From the current reaction of European governments and peoples to the wave of immigrants we can know that, this will probably arouse the exclusion of Europe that cause by the tensions in social relations resulting from more ethnic, religious, linguistic and lifestyle differences. Those conflicts such as ethnic conflicts, wars are very likely to be happened if this problem did not get enough attention from international society.Conclusion

In order to straighten up the effects of hungry conflict in Africa
towards global stability, there are few organizations that involved in this
matter. The first one would be Action Against Hunger. Theirs’ skills on
preventing and treating under nutrition is internationally well-known,
this is all because of their more than 35 years of operational experience from
parts of the world where hunger is most severe and entrenched. They deal with
humanitarian emergencies and in stabilizing contexts to improve the health and
survival of the children that under the age of five, as well as pregnant
women and nursing mothers. They work hand in hand to prevent chronic and acute
under nutrition through an integrated approach that addresses both the direct
and underlying causes.  They also teach and guide local health care
workers and partners to screen and treat under nutrition, and they do provide
technical expertise and support to improve local health condition.

Last year, an organization named
Feeding America network and theirs’ partners succeed in rescuing 3.3 billion
pounds of food. Those foods then went straight to feed people that are facing
starvation. But after they realized they can do more, they started to take the
next step. So, Feeding America works intimately with the people who reach an
understanding in food’s lifecycle best like manufacturers, distributors,
retailers, foodservice companies and farmers to divert and gather food before
it becomes trash and end up going into the dustbin. This way is to ensure that
minimum or zero food would be wasted in our daily lives.

Next, they mentioned that they are
working with experts to give them some foresight into how food end up being
wasted and help to collect more of it then send to the food banks across the
country. To maximize theirs’ usefulness, they’ve come out with ways to get
demand from separate food banks, safe and sound deliver food over far distances
and at the same time keep the food fresh when it reaches a food bank. They’re
developing on new ways to get good quality food to those who need it most. One
of the example of this new solutions they have in action to rescue food is Meal
Connect.

In Benin, which is one of the
district in Africa, the rural women have get basic financial services from some
informal savings group. As the Freedom from Hunger have matured and grown constantly,
they are work to expand so that they can provide new financial and health
services. One of the programs is Family Planning and Health Savings Groups. Their
aim is to help Benin achieve their objective of 20 percent modern contraceptive
prevalence by 2018.

Last but not least, we cannot deny
that the hungry conflict in Africa had affected the global stability in the
aspect of social, political and economic. For those that are keen on experience
on different challenges, there are many organizations are recruiting for the
volunteer to help out in certain country and this indeed would be a golden
opportunity for them. Simply because we are the same creature created by God
and no one deserve to suffer in this circumstance. Every human being have their
rights to live and survive.

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