Municipal solid waste (MSW),
are products was invented in the 1st place by humans, in the
environment there is nothing called trash, cause the environment (recycle) or
the elements of it work on a harmonized way to leave nothing not used. over
population produced waste; that caused our plant to hold the more than 30 % of
it capacity, that has caused in an addition of garbage in specific places. 4
MSW management needs collaboration
for efficient delivery, it plays a major part of the waste cycle waste
composition, collection, recycling, proceeding and disposal. The management of waste require
input form economical, legal,
Environmental and governmental players.
The failure of one element will cause the whole management failure. The
management structure are made of different parts and each one of them depend on
the other and they are: cultural, behavioral, institutional and political
frameworks. These parts need to work together to achieve management target.
The Management of MSW is the hardest compare to other trash type, the challenge gets harder in the poor part of the world, the issues that causing the poor management of the MNS are: low recycling rate, bad treatment, old and cheap technologies, not aware of health dangers. These factors are scaring the poor and middle-income nations; because there will no control between the urban and rural without proper planning.
The produce of the MNS every day is 2x109tons
5, the level produce depends on: family income level, level of education,
weather season, the type of the place that the family stays in and waste
collection system. The economic factor plays a big part of waste generating,
the higher economic status nations have larger MSW amount (fig.1) 6.
Composition of MSW is different from a
house to other, it shows that the lower income households generate more organic
food waste, big amount of organic waste were recorded in the rural areas. Due
to the fact that most of the rich people eat processed food, Urban areas
recorded big amount of MSW such as (plastic, glass, metal, paper). the organic
waste could be used to make a cheap fertilizer for low-income nations, recycling
mostly depends on MSW. The efficiency of waste management is linked to the
waste collection coverage which depends on the wealth of the country, in the
developed nations waste collection and transport take the biggest portion of
the waste collection cost.
MSW treatment and disposal depends on
the waste quality, rich countries can afford the perfect technology, but most developed
nations still depend on landfills, junk dumps are still prevalent in most of
the Asian and African nations, these uncontrolled landfills, cause frequent
soil and water contamination disasters. Sanitary landfills are found on the developed
nations such as Bolivia, brazil, Peru, and Mexico. These are engineered landfills
where waste is frequently packed on layers with proper landfills cover 7.