North Shore Community CollegeChildren with ADHDAttention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and TreatmentVictoria HowellChildren with Special Needs ECE-204-OLProfessor WolkiewiczDecember 2, 2017Howell 1Children with ADHDAttention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder affects children of all ages. Children whom arediagnosed with ADHD unfortunately live most of their lives with a major mental distraction thataffects all aspects of their lives. While some medical professionals believe that ADHD is a “fad”diagnosis, most medical professionals believe that ADHD does in fact exist, and that it is backedby science. While it is sad that children have to live with such a debilitating disorder, there aremany different forms of treatment available that manage the effects of ADHD.Amongst the major population, ADHD is widely known as a behavioral disorder. Whileit is true that ADHD affects children’s behaviors, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is amental disorder that affects children’s abilities to sit still and pay attention. There are threedifferent types of ADHD that affect young children. The first type is Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation which is known as the type of ADHD that makes children feel the need tomove constantly while also lacking impulse control. The second type is known as PredominantlyInattentive Presentation. Predominantly Inattentive Presentation makes it difficult for children topay attention. The children who are affected by this form of ADHD typically do not have a hardtime sitting still. Lastly, the third type of ADHD is known as Combined Presentation. CombinedPresentation is the most common form of ADHD among children. A child who has CombinedPresentation ADHD carries symptoms of all of the different types of ADHD.Howell 2Technically, ADHD is hard to diagnose in children under the age of four. Since childrenare rapidly changing, it is difficult to assess a child’s behavior and pick up on any major signs ofADHD because of their ever-growing minds. Usually, teachers, early childhood professionals,parents, and caregivers all work together to document any pertinent information regarding achild’s abnormal behaviors. Once a vast amount of information is recorded, a pediatrician looksclosely at all documents and compares the child to other children in that specific age group. Inorder for a child to be properly diagnosed with ADHD, the child must exhibit their abnormalbehaviors in more than one setting. A child whom only displays abnormal behaviors at homemay be struggling with emotional issues pertaining to that of the home and its surroundings. If achild displays abnormal behaviors at home, in school, and in social settings, then it is more thanlikely that the child has ADHD or that of another common mental disorder. After a child turnsfour, a pediatrician ensures that the child has at least six possible symptoms of ADHD beforemaking a proper diagnosis. There are a vast number of symptoms a child can have if they arediagnosed with ADHD. Constant daydreaming, the inability to listen, careless mistakes, unableto sit still, cannot play quietly, and lack of patience are all known as possible symptoms ofADHD.Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder unfortunately affects a child’s everyday life.Children who have ADHD model the difficulties of what it is like to live with a mental disorder.More often than not, ADHD affects a child’s home-life, school-life, and social-life. Sincechildren who have ADHD display a wide array of symptoms, it is prevalent that those symptomsaffect a child’s everyday routine. Children with ADHD most commonly display symptoms offorgetfulness, disorganization, and the inability to pay attention. All symptoms in which greatlyHowell 3affect everyday life. Forgetting class assignments, forgetting to do chores, and forgetting to dodaily important everyday tasks can greatly impact a child’s ability to succeed in class, and athome. Since children whom have ADHD have difficulties in the normal tasks of a typical day, itis no surprise that the children have low self-esteem, and harbor feelings of doubt. Since thechildren with ADHD typically have very little self-confidence, it makes it nearly impossible forthe children to feel as though they fit in. The lack of self-confidence arises issues at school, athome, and in widely populated social settings.It is not uncommon to hear medical professionals debunk Attention Deficit HyperactivityDisorder. Dr. Richard Saul believes that ADHD is a disorder that is too relatable to a vastmajority of people. Dr. Saul argues that there could be multiple other things in life causing majordistractions. With that said, Dr. Saul agrees that there are many people out there who do needhelp with their constantly distracted minds and impulse behaviors. Dr. Richard Saul states that itis possible that “the entire U.S population could potentially qualify” as having ADHD if doctorsdig deeper into the matter. (Time Magazine, Dr. Saul) While Dr. Saul’s thought process is veryagreeable, there are many medical professionals whom believe science is the root of the answerbehind Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The National Resource Center on ADHDconcludes that scientific based organizations deem ADHD a real disorder. These organizationsbelieve that ADHD is hereditary, or possibly sometimes caused from the use of drugs andalcohol by expectant mothers. It is also believed that the “brains of children with ADHD are 3-4% smaller than those of children who don’t have the disorder.” (National Resource Center onADHD) While both sides debating the existence of ADHD display valid points, ultimately,updated further research needs to be made to conclude a final decision on the matter.Howell 4Children who have ADHD indefinitely deal with an abundance of issues in their everydaylives. The most positive note regarding ADHD is that it is treatable. There are multiple forms ofmedications available to children that supportably help improve the symptoms of ADHD. Themost common medication administered to children with ADHD is known as psychostimulants.Psychostimulants “help important networks of nerve cells in the brain to communicate moreeffectively with each other.” (National Resource Center on ADHD) Psychostimulants are effectivemedications that successfully treat more than seventy percent of children with ADHD. Somecommon psychostimulant medications are Ritalin, Concerta, and Adderall. Although thesemedications are quite effective, there are some nonstimulant medications that work better for somechildren. Every child is different so in light of that, some medications need to be taken in higherdoses and some medications just aren’t the right ones for certain children.Many parents of children whom have ADHD know a great deal about themedications that doctors widely prescribe to the children with Attention Deficit HyperactivityDisorder. Some parents who learn about the potential side-effects of those said ADHD medicationsdecide that prescribed medication isn’t the best option for their child. Those parents typicallydecide to go with an all-natural treatment approach instead. When parents decide to treat theirchild’s ADHD symptoms naturally, they focus on core vitamins, a healthy diet, and exercise. Ironand zinc are known as vitamins that help greatly reduce ADHD symptoms. Sometimes childrenwith ADHD have a hard time eating so supplemental vitamins are typically the best option.Melatonin isn’t a vitamin but rather an all-natural sleep aid that is commonly given to children withADHD as well to help aid in sleepless nights. Along with supplemental vitamins and ensuring agood night’s rest, a healthy diet that excludes soft drinks, fast food,Howell 5processed meat, potato chips, dairy products, and red meat is beneficial to children with ADHD.(Medical News Today) All-natural treatments also consist of parents successfully organizing setdaily schedules for their child with ADHD. Doing so assures that the child will feel less franticregarding daily tasks. No matter which treatment plan parents decide to go with, the success ratefor improving ADHD symptoms is quite high.Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder considerably affects children and people of allages. Although children who have ADHD constantly struggle with life’s daily tasks, there is anextensive amount of research available that aids in the understanding of exactly what ADHD isand how to treat it. Thankfully, there are many medical professionals widespread who definitivelybelieve that ADHD is a real disorder. For the children’s, families, and school’s sake, it is great thatthere are successful treatment plans available for children with ADHD. Hopefully, within time,more research will surface regarding updated information surrounding Attention DeficitHyperactivity Disorder.