The aerobic and anaerobic energy pathways are systems that
convert food into energy so that the body can function daily and during sports or
in a physical activity. Most sports are
neither aerobic nor anaerobic, rather than a combination of both energy
systems. During the game of basketball,
athletes must rely on both.
human body uses specific metabolic pathways to provide energy during different types
and levels of physical activity. According to Dintiman and Ward (2011) the
anaerobic energy system consists of two energy pathways: the adenosine
triphosate/creatine phosphate system (ATP/CP) and the ATP lactic acid energy system
(glycolytic system). The aerobic energy
system is the oxidative system.
According to Berg (1982), the ATP/CP
system provides energy at a
rapid rate for activities lasting 15 seconds or less. The lactic acid system,
provides energy for activities lasting fifteen seconds to two minutes. Lastly,
the oxidative system provides energy for activities lasting longer than two
Basketball is considered an intermittent high-intensity sport
that requires mainly anaerobic metabolism (De Araujo, de Barros
Manchado-Gobatto, Papoti, Camargo, & Gobatto, 2014). According to De Araujo et. al (2014), the
anaerobic system in basketball is necessary for tactical moves, like defensive
and offensive transitions. Anaerobic
metabolism is also important in actions such as shooting, jumping, blocking,
passing, lay-ups and other technical movements (De Araujo et. al 2014).
Collegiate and professional basketball games usually last for
40 to 48 active minutes. This indicates
that basketball requires a high level of aerobic metabolism to maintain the
ability for continuous play during an entire game (De Araujo et. al 2014). The aerobic, or oxidative, system is also
responsible for improving the recovery times for the anaerobic energy systems.
The assigned article describes a study involving a group of
thirteen NCAA Division I female cross-country runners and the relationship
between their anaerobic abilities and 5K race performance. Discussion from the study indicates that
oxidative ATP production is necessary to maintain high-endurance running and
suggests that anaerobic metabolism contributes to endurance performance
(Baumann, Rupp, Ingalls, & Doyle, 2012).
When comparing the 5K article to the basketball article, the information
in both is synonymous. The articles
suggest that the two systems piggyback off one another. Each system needs the other to improve, develop