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The world is
in a constant hunger for power and energy making power plants are highly
necessary. Bangladesh is a developing country and she needs power plants to
generate power for prospering further. Rampal power plant is such a proposed
power plant that will be coal-fired. India’s state owned company NTPC and
Bangladesh’s BPDB has proposed this project via BIFPC, a joint venture company.
Should this project come true then this would be the largest power plant in
country.

 

             This proposed power plant is a
coal fired power station situated at Rampal Upazila of Bagerhat in Khulna. It
is said to be a 1320 mega watt capacity power plant covering an area of 1834
acres of land and is only 14 kilometers away from the world’s largest mangrove
forest Sunderbans which is a UNESCO world heritage site. Besides the plant will
require about 4.72 million tons of coal every year needing about 60 ships
having 80000 tons capacity going about 40 kms of path from port which included crossing
river flow path. Moreover it would also draw about 220000 cubic meters of water
every day from Poshur River and then discharge treated waste water back into
the river.

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             A 1320 Megawatt power generating
power plant is highly necessary in a developing country like Bangladesh.
However this project raises several environmental concerns at the same time. According
to environmental impact assessment guidelines for power plants, it should be at
least 25 kms away from an area that is very ecologically sensitive. Since the
project is only 14 kms away, it violets the guideline for power plants near an
ecologically sensitive area. Furthermore ships carrying coals will release
smoke, fume, fly ash, coal dust, sulphur etc. toxic chemicals. As a result,
carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides causing acid
rain that can be highly damaging for a mangrove forest. Again, discharging
waste water into Poshur River will introduce pollutants in the river harming
marine animals and beasts.

 

            
Although having a power plant of high capacity will be better for
Bangladesh, destroying Sunderbans will destroy Bangladesh because of its sheer
positive effects on the country. Should the environmental concerns be taken
care of, plan should proceed since the plant can be really beneficial.

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