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Writer and philosopher George Santayana once said, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” This quote demonstrates the reason why high schoolers must continue to read classic novels, such as A Tale of Two Cities. A Tale of Two Cities, written in 1859 by Charles Dickens is a story about love, sacrifice, poverty, and luxury set in both London and Paris during the time of the French Revolution. The story displays many intense and important themes, some that continue to be prevalent in 2018. The question of whether or not A Tale of Two Cities is relevant to high school students is strongly debated. However, events in the book clearly connect to the modern world. The novel A Tale of Two Cities is relevant to the modern day reader as it reflects themes regarding poverty and mobs in today’s world. To begin, many people around the world are experiencing the same conditions as the peasants on the streets of France in the book. According to DoSomething.org, “More than 750 million people lack adequate access to clean drinking water.” This is presented in the book by a case of wine spilling into the streets, and hundreds of people rushing to sip it, as they do not have access to clean drinking water. On the contrary, a large group of people in 2018 continue to live like the upper class in London. Everyday, upper class citizens indulge in the benefits of wealth with mansions, fancy cars, yachts, and more. This shows how some things never change and the lifestyles shown in A Tale of Two Cities mirrors the living habits shown in 2018. A second reason why A Tale of Two Cities continues to be relevant to the modern day reader is through themes of mobs and protests. In the text, Madame Defarge gathers a mob to storm the Bastille out of rage and a sense of revenge. Dickens writes, “‘Come then!’ cried Defarge, in a resounding voice. ‘Patriots and friends, we are ready! The Bastille!'” (Dickens 398) This quote expresses the same rage and fury that is prevalent amongst modern day mobs, marches, and protests. An event that shows similarity is the Women’s March in Washington DC, which according to BusinessInsider.com, had 4.2 million participants in over 600 cities. It took place in January 2017, and is recorded as one of the largest marches in history. The march reflects the storming of the Bastille because both events are made up of a large group of people fighting for a common goal. This shows how A Tale of Two Cities can relate to modern day through themes of mobs. In conclusion, A Tale of Two Cities should be continued to be read by high schoolers around the world. Although the book was written almost a century ago, the history in the story remains prevalent in 2018. Poverty amongst the peasants in A Tale of Two Cities remains amongst the lives of lower class citizens today. The same grit and determination shown by Madame Defarge and her mob is also shown by protesters in Washington DC fighting for their rights. Modern day readers must continue to read and learn about A Tale of Two Cities as it truly is an important novel. A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens shows relevance and is important to the modern day reader because it reflects themes of poverty and mobs in today’s world.

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